Thursday, November 17, 2016

Gluten and Dairy Free Substitutes

WHEN BAKING:
for milk:
 Use rice milk (or other milk substitute) or other substitute (not goat's milk)

for shortening or butter:
Use Spectrum palm oil or Earth's Balance non-dairy Spread

for sweetened condensed milk:
Use coconut milk 
NOTE: If a recipe calls for melted butter you can use grapeseed oil or melted coconut oil (or melt Earth's Balance)

WHEN COOKING:
For mashed potatoes:
Use chicken stock (with fat) and olive oil or and Earth's balance and milk substitute (unsweetened rice milk doesn't change the flavor)
For cream sauces: 
Use 1TBS brown rice flour, 1TBS tapioca starch, olive oil, (make a paste and then add)1/2 cup mozzarella daiya cheese, garlic, rice milk  and salt (to taste). Stir with a wisk until the right consistency add salt if needed. 

For Butter:
Use extra virgin olive oil or Earth's Balance
For grilled cheese: Use Daiya cheese wedge with cheese slicer ( the pepperjack makes an amazing grilled cheese!)
For cheesy sauces:
Make the cream sauce above but use cheddar Daiya cheese and a few splashes of Ume plum vinegar

For Sprinkling on Meals (tacos, chili, pizza, etc):
I use Daiya shredded cheese

for Whipped Cream:
Use a can of coconut milk. Refrigerate overnight. Skim off the fat. In a bowl whip just the fat portion with 2 TBS powdered sugar.

For ricotta cheese:
Use the following blended together in a food processor: 2 pounds firm or soft tofu, patted dry and mashed,2 cloves garlic, mince,1/2 cup soy milk, 2 tbsp olive oil, 2 tbsp lemon juice,1 tbsp sugar 

For sour cream:
Soy Sour Cream or add a little lemon juice to unflavored So Delicious  greek yogurt and blend well or Veganaise

For twice baked potatoes:
Use Veganaise and Daiya cheese

For Cream Cheese:
Daiya Cream Cheese

On cereal:
Use rice milk instead of low fat milk, hemp, almond or soy for regular fat milk

for ice cream: 
Coconut ice cream or Tempt Ice cream. Want to go out?
Full Tilt, Molly Moon's and Menchies all have non-dairy ice cream.

On toast:
coconut oil, earth's balance spread or grapeseed oil

for corn on the cob:
Earth's Balance spread or grapeseed oil

For pesto: 
add extra salt and use basil and olive oil as normal (see pesto recipe)

Secret ingredients for adding "cheesy flavor"
ume plum vinegar. Add several shakes to eggs or other recipes to add a little cheesy flavor
A sprinkle of Nutritional yeast flakes can also be added to a recipe to add a cheesy flavor

for buttermilk:
Replace 1 cup buttermilk with one of the following:
1 cup soy milk + 1 tablespoon lemon juice or 1 tablespoon white vinegar (Let stand until slightly thickened.)
1 cup coconut milk
7/8 cup rice milk
7/8 cup fruit juice
7/8 cup water 

for yogurt:
Replace 1 cup yogurt with one of the following:
1 cup soy yogurt or So delicious coconut yogurt
1 cup soy sour cream
1 cup unsweetened applesauce
1 cup fruit puree

For dairy free Ranch dressing:
Combine 3/4 cup Vegan Mayo,1 tsp dry parsley,1tsp dry thyme,1 tsp dry dill, salt and pepper, 1 clove garlic crushed

Gluten Substitutes:

For soy sauce:
Use gluten free Tamari (soy) sauce or Coconut Aminos

For breading meat:
Use 1/2 cup brown rice flour and 1/2 cup tapioca or potato starch, salt and pepper to taste or Ian's GF bread crumbs. You can also sub crushed fritos or crushed GF rice crispies to bread meat. In meatloaf use Ian's bread crumbs or make crumbs out of your own bread. Crumbed GF crackers work as well. Roll in mixture and sautee in a pan.

For baking use: 
1 cup brown rice flour, 2/3 cup tapioca flour, 1/3 cup potato starch and 2 tsp xanthan gum

For Baking Bread
Use the above mixture, but add 1/4 cup millet

For thickening stir fries:
 use corn starch or tapioca starch

For thickening gravy:
 use a 1:1 ration of brown rice flour and tapioca starch (for example 2 TBS brown rice flour and 2 TBS tapioca starch). First add it to a little water and stir until it is a thick liquid. Then add it to broth to make gravy.




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